Before and into the 20th century, there were games called “side hunts” which was the sport of sending two "sides" off to shoot everything that moved. The winner was the group with the biggest pile of fur and feathers at the end of the day. In the year 1900, a very conservation minded gentleman of the American Museum of Natural History, named Frank Chapman, suggested that there be a census of the birds in the areas of metropolitan cities leaving the birds to fly another day. This first census would, on the first year of its inception, involve 27 individuals in 25 different locations from Toronto, Ontario, to Pacific Grove, California to the east coast of the United States of America where the majority of the tallies were performed. This concerted effort landed a list of 90 species of birds. Since that day there have been counts every year for over 115 years with this season's count being the 116th.